U.S. sales of previously occupied homes surpassed the 5 million mark in May, the first time that’s happened in 3½ years. The gain shows the housing recovery is strengthening.
The National Association of Realtors said June 20 that home re-sales rose 4.2 percent in May to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.18 million. That’s up from April’s pace of 4.97 million.
Sales last exceeded 5 million in November 2009. During that month and October 2009, a home-buying tax credit briefly inflated the sales pace. Prior to that, sales hadn’t been above 5 million since July 2007.
While the sales pace is still below the 5.5 million that is consistent with healthy markets, it has risen nearly 13 percent in the past 12 months.
And with a tight supply of homes on the market, the median sales price rose to $208,000 – the highest since July 2008.
“Housing is now the strongest part of the economy in growth terms,” said Jim O’Sullivan, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics.
In Ada County, sales of existing homes were up 36 percent in May year-over-year, according to data from Intermountain Multiple Listing Service. It was the highest year-over-year increase “in many years,” according to an ACAR Watercooler blog entry by Marc Lebowitz, executive director of the Ada County Association of Realtors. Sales of new homes were up 17 percent.
The median sales price for existing homes in Ada County rose 9 percent year-over-year in May, to $180,000, according to IMLS, and the median for new homes increased 18.5 percent, to $272,425.
In Canyon County, existing home sales were up 27 percent in May year-over-year, according to IMLS, with new home sales up 57 percent. The median price for existing homes increased 39 percent, to $119,900, while the median for new homes increased 21 percent, to $161,900.
The housing recovery is looking more sustainable and should continue to boost economic growth this year, offsetting some of the drag from higher taxes and federal spending cuts.
Steady hiring and low mortgage rates have encouraged more people to buy homes. And with demand up, prices rising and few homes on the market, builders have grown more optimistic about their prospects, leading to more construction and jobs.
Sales of previously occupied homes rose last month in every region of the country. They increased 8 percent in the Midwest, 4 percent in the South, 2.5 percent in the West and 1.6 percent in the Northeast.
The supply of homes for sale also grew, a sign that more homeowners are confident that they can lure buyers. The number of homes on the market rose 3.3 percent in May, to 2.22 million. Still, inventories are 10 percent below year-ago levels.
Still, the report showed that a critical part of the market remains weak. First-time buyers represented only 28 percent of buyers in May. That’s down from 34 percent a year ago and significantly below more normal levels above 40 percent. The decline in first-time buyers suggests many younger Americas are unable to get financing.
Banks have raised lending standards since the housing crisis, requiring higher credit scores, larger down payments and more detailed employment records.
Distressed sales, which include foreclosures and short sales, accounted for 18 percent of May sales, unchanged from April. Both months matched the lowest share of distressed sales since the Realtors began tracking this data in October 2008. Distressed sales stood at 25 percent of sales in May 2012.
On June 19, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke cited the housing gains as a major reason the Fed’s economic outlook has brightened.
Still, mortgage rates have jumped in recent weeks. And they are expected to rise further now that the Fed has signaled it plans to scale back its bond purchases this year if the economy continues to strengthen. Higher mortgage rates could slow some of the housing market’s momentum.
A better outlook for housing has made builders more optimistic. The National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo builder sentiment index rose in June to 52, up from 44 in May. It was the highest reading in more than seven years and the largest monthly increase in more than a decade. A reading above 50 indicates more builders view sales conditions as good rather than poor.
IBR Staff contributed to this report.